Oldal kiválasztása
Raph
ael
(1483–1520)

The Assumption of the Virgin

c. 1503–4
Pen and brown ink
158 × 193 mm (arched top)
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest 1779

 

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Technique

Pen and brown ink, some traces of black chalk or charcoal, a fragmentary motif in red chalk, on tan paper

Provenance

Nicolaus Esterházy, Hungarian National Picture Gallery (not stamped) (Lugt 1965) 

Literature

Johann David Passavant, Raphaël d’Urbin et son père Giovanni Santi, 2 vols., Paris 1860, vol. 1, p. 240

Charles Ruland, The Works of Raphael Santi da Urbino as Represented in the Raphael Collection in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle, London 1876, p.103, no. 4

Károly Pulszky, ‘Raphael Santi az Országos Képtárban’, Archaeológiai Értesitő N. S. 1 (1881), pp. 57–62

Károly Pulszky, ‘Raphael Santi in der Ungarischen Reichs-Gallerie’, Ungarische Revue 2 (1882), pp. 9–12

Joseph Archer Crowe and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle, Raphael: His Life and Works, 2 vols., London, 1883–85, vol. 1, p. 143

Hubert Janitschek, ‘Compte rendu de l’etude de Pulszky’, Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft (7) 1884, pp. 226–31, pp. 227–28

Franz Wickhoff, ‘Über einige Zeichnungen des Pinturicchio’, Zeitschrift für Bildende Kunst 1884, p. 59 (Pintoricchio)

Eugène Müntz, ‘Les dessins de la jeunesse de Raphaël’, Gazette des Beaux-Arts 1885, p. 338 (after Raphael)

Herman Grimm, Das Leben Raphaels, 2nd ed., Berlin 1886, p. 237 (not Raphael)

Wilhelm Koopmann, ‘Compte rendu de l’œuvre de Grimm’, Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 1886, p.264 (Pintoricchio)

Eugène Müntz, Raphaël: sa vie, son œuvre, et son temps, Paris 1886, p. 90, no. 1 (in the manner of Raphael)

Wilhelm Koopmann, ‘Einige weniger bekannte Handzeichnungen Raphaels’, Jahrbuch der Preußischen Kunstsammlungen 12 (1891), p. 42

Anton Springer, Raffael und Michelangelo, 3rd ed., Leipzig 1895, vol. 1, p. 69

Handzeichnungen Alter Meister aus der Albertina und anderen Sammlungen, 12 vols., Vienna 1895–1908, no. 683

Oskar Fischel, Raphaels Zeichnungen: Versuch einer Kritik der bisher veröffentlichen Blätter, Strassburg 1898, p. 17, no. 32 (Pintoricchio)

Simon Meller, Külföldi mesterek rajzai XIV–XVIII. század, exhibition and check-list, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1911, no. 111 (Pintoricchio)

Oskar Fischel, ‘Die Zeichnungen der Umbrer’, Jahrbuch der Preußischen Kunstsammlungen 38 (1917), p. 147, no. 141 (attributed to Lo Spagna)

Raimond van Marle, The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, 19 vols., Hague 1923–38, vol. 14, pp. 289 and 466 (Pintoricchio)

Edith Hoffmann, Miniatúrák es olasz rajzok, exhibition and check-list, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1930, no. 15 (Lo Spagna)

Edith Hoffmann, Legszebb külföldi rajzok, exhibition and check-list, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1936, no. 53 (Lo Spagna)

Lajos Vayer, Meisterzeichnungen aus der Sammlung des Museums der Bildenden Künste in Budapest: (14.–18. Jahrhundert), Berlin 1957, no. 17 (Lo Spagna)

Teréz Gerszi, A múzeum legszebb rajzai, exhibition and check-list, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1956, no. 37 (Lo Spagna)

Iván Fenyő, Középitáliai rajzok: Bologna, Firenze, Róma, exhibition catalogue, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1963, no. 6 (Lo Spagna)

Loránd Zentai, ‘Contribution à la période ombrienne de Raphaël’, Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts 53 (1979), pp. 69–79 (attributed to Raphael)

Sylvia Ferino-Pagden, Disegni umbri del Rinascimento da Perugino a Raffaello, exhibition catalogue, Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi 1982, under no. 63 (after Raphael)

John A. Gere and Nicholas Turner, Drawings by Raphael from the Royal Library, the Ashmolean, the British Museum, Chatsworth and other English Collections, London 1983, under no. 20

Paul Joannides, The Drawings of Raphael, with a Complete Catalogue, Oxford 1983, no. 38

Eckhart Knab, Erwin Mitsch, and Konrad Oberhuber, Raphael: Die Zeichnungen, Stuttgart 1983, no. 34 (probably copy)

Pierluigi de Vecchi in Raffaello in Vaticano, ed. Fabricio Mancinelli, exhibition catalogue, Vatican, Monumenti, Musei e Gallerie Pontificie, 1984–85, under no. 1 (after Raphael)

Sylvia Ferino-Pagden, ‘Raffaello giovane e gli artisti umbri contemporanei’, Arte cristiana 73 (1985), p. 270, no. 709 (after Raphael)

Sylvia Ferino-Pagden, Iconographic Demands and Artistic Achievements: The Genesis of Three Works by Raphael, in Rome 1986, pp. 13–27, pp. 17–18

Sylvia Ferino-Pagden, The Early Raphael and His Umbrian Contemporaries, in Beck 1986, pp. 101–2 (Umbrian Artist)

Francis Ames-Lewis, The Draftsman Raphael, New Haven and London 1986, p. 33

Loránd Zentai, ‘Le Massacre des Innocents: Remarques sur les compositions des Raphael et de Raimondi’, Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts 74 (1991), pp. 30–31 (attributed to Raphael)

Börje Magnusson, Rafael: Teckningar, exhibition catalogue, Stockholm, Nationalmuseum 1992, no. 14

Dominique Cordellier and Bernadette Py, Inventaire Général des Dessins Italiens V: Raphaël, son Atelier, ses Copistes, Paris 1992, p. 25, under no. 17 (Anonymous Artist)

Loránd Zentai, Sixteenth-Century Central Italian Drawings: An Exhibition from the Museum’s Collection, exhibition catalogue, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1998, no. 5 (attributed to Raphael)

Konrad Oberhuber, Raphael: The Paintings, Munich, London, and New York 1999, p. 25

Jürg Meyer zur Capellen, Raphael: A Critical Catalogue of his Paintings I: The Beginnings in Umbria and Florence ca. 1500–1508, Landshut 2001, p. 130, no. A.I.1 (Anonymous Artist)

Donal Cooper, ‘Raphael’s Altar-Pieces in S. Francesco al Prato, Perugia: Patronage, Settings and Function’, The Burlington Magazine 143 (2001), p. 556, note 51 (Umbrian Artist)

Paul Joannides, Raphael and his Age: Drawings from the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Lille, exhibition catalogue, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art and Lille, Palais des Beaux-Arts 2002–3, under no. 20

Lisa Pon, Raphael, Dürer, and Marcantonio Raimondi: Copying and the Italian Renaissance Print, New Haven 2004, pp. 117–18

Claudia La Malfa, Invenzioni, modelli e copie: Pintoricchio disegnatore e il rapporto con Perugino, la bottega umbra del primo Rinascimento e Raffaello, in Pintoricchio, eds. Vittoria Garibaldi and Francesco Federico Mancini, exhibition catalogue, Perugia, Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria 2008, pp. 347–65, pp. 362–63 (attributed to Raphael)

Tom Henry, Perugia 1502, in Pintoricchio, eds. Vittoria Garibaldi and Francesco Federico Mancini, exhibition catalogue, Perugia, Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria 2008, pp. 125–28 (Raphael or copy)

Tom Henry in Pintoricchio, eds. Vittoria Garibaldi and Francesco Federico Mancini, exhibition catalogue, Perugia, Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria 2008, no. 24 (Raphael or copy)

Condition

Trimmed paper with arched top. Extremely abraded and damaged overall surface. A vertical crease across centre caused by the folding of the sheet. Slightly damaged edges with losses and tears. A significant tear at lower centre and minor ones at the sides. Two holes at lower right. Drastically abraded and extremely faint ink. Accidental small spots of paint in red and black, and small black stains all over the surface. Infrared reflectograph shows some traces of underdrawing in dry black carbon-based media, probably black chalk or charcoal on the upper part of the central figure.

Watermark


 

 

 

 

Watermark: fragment

Chain lines: 35/38 mm (vertical)

Laid lines: 1 mm (horizontal)

In ultraviolet-induced luminescence


In ultraviolet-induced luminescence in greyscale


Infrared reflectograph


In transmitted light


In raking light


IR reflectograph, raking light, transmitted light, UV-induced luminescence, watermark