Oldal kiválasztása

Raphael
(1483–1520)

Nude Studies, probably for Saint Jerome

c. 1504–5
Pen and brown ink
238 × 146 mm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest 1936
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Technique

Pen and brown ink, some details probably retouched with darker tone brown ink, on paper

Insciption

Inscribed in pen and brown ink on the recto at lower right: ‘Raf’ on the verso at lower margin: ‘Sto. Raphae’

Provenance

Nicolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1965); Hungarian National Picture Gallery (Lugt 2000 and a stamp not in Lugt)

Literature

Johann David Passavant, Raphaël d’Urbin et son père Giovanni Santi, 2 vols., Paris 1860, vol. 2, pp. 417–18, no. 242

Oscar Fischel, Raffaels Zeichnungen, 8 vols., Berlin 1913–41, no. 86

Edith Hoffmann, Miniatúrák es olasz rajzok, exhibition and check-list, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1930, no. 32 (close to Lo Spagana)

Karl T. Parker, Catalogue of the Collection of Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum: Vol. II: Italian Schools, Oxford 1956, under no. 522

Iván Fenyő, Középitáliai rajzok: Bologna, Firenze, Róma, exhibition catalogue, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1963, no. 19

Loránd Zentai, Raffaello emlékkiállítás, exhibition and check-list, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1970, no. 24

Barbara Mathilde Plemmons, Raphael 1504–1508, PhD dissertation, Los Angeles, University of Carolina 1978, pp. 123–27

John A. Gere and Nicholas Turner, Drawings by Raphael from the Royal Library, the Ashmolean, the British Museum, Chatsworth and other English Collections, London 1983, under no. 37

Paul Joannides, The Drawings of Raphael, with a Complete Catalogue, Oxford 1983, no. 86

Eckhart Knab, Erwin Mitsch, and Konrad Oberhuber, Raphael: Die Zeichnungen, Stuttgart 1983, no. 172

Loránd Zentai, Sixteenth-Century Central Italian Drawings: An Exhibition from the Museum’s Collection, exhibition catalogue, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 1998, no. 6

Corinna Höper, Raffael und die Folgen: Das Kunstwerk in Zeitaltern seiner graphischen Reproduzierbarkeit, Stuttgart 2001, under no. A.108

Linda Wolk-Simon, Raphael at the Metropolitan: The Colonna Altarpiece, New York and New Haven 2006, p. 22, no. 15

Zoltán Kárpáti in The Splendour of the Medici, eds. Monica Bietti and Annamaria Giusti, exhibition catalogue, Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts 2008, no. 96

Condition

Irregular shaped, extremely thin paper adhered to a secondary sheet. Lower right corner is missing. Severely damaged overall surface with many losses, especially at left edge and lower centre. Many loose fragments unsuccessfully repaired, adhesive residue throughout. Creases towards the bottom. Many stains and foxing. An accidental splash of brown ink on the left figure. Some details probably retouched with darker tone brown ink. Image taken in backlighting suggests that the paper was split.

Watermark


 

 

 

 

 

Watermark: fragment, illegible

Chain and laid lines: not measurable

In transmitted light


transmitted light, watermark