Ugo da Carpi
(fl c. 1502−32)
The Miraculous Draught of Fishes
231 × 345 mm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest 6136
In 1515 Raphael was commissioned by Pope Leo X to design a series of tapestries to be hung on the walls of the Sistine Chapel, representing the acts of Saints Peter and Paul. For the tapestries to be executed far from Rome, at the Brussels workshop of the weaver Pieter van Aelst, Raphael and his assistants prepared full-size cartoons. The colour woodcut, imitating the effect of brush drawings, closely follows a study by Raphael in the Royal Collection, Windsor.
Sts Peter and John Healing a Lame Man
Etching and chiaroscuro woodcut, 268 × 401 mm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest 6286
Despite the technical novelties, this is Parmigianino’s most conservative composition, inspired by one of Raphael’s drawings for the tapestries intended for the Sistine Chapel. By the unusual combination of etching and woodcut, Parmigianino evoked the effects of washed pen drawings. The etching was executed by Parmigianino himself, but the cutting of the woodblocks required a skilled craftsman.
(fl c. 1520−50)
After Giulio Romano
The Massacre of the Innocents
Chiaroscuro woodcut, 292 × 510 mm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest 7333
Colour, so-called chiaroscuro woodcuts printed from several woodblocks were extremely popular in the period. Among the few surviving works of the Bolognese woodcutter, known only after his monogram and active in the French royal court at Fontainebleau, The Massacre of the Innocents is the most ambitious. It is related to the tapestry series Life of Christ. While Raphael is named as inventor in the inscription, the composition was more possibly designed by Giulio Romano.